There is no “one size fits all” approach to parenthood; it’s a journey that changes over time.

However, the parenting style chosen does affect a child’s developmental process. Although there isn’t one way to raise a kid, parenting should support healthy growth and set an example for the person they will be as they age.

While there are several different techniques to try, here are the most popular other parents have found helpful to know.  

Authoritarian Parenting Style

Being authoritative falls more on the stricter side of parenthood. Valuing stern rules, uncompromising demands and enforcing discipline are the characteristics of this parenting style. While these actions result in good behavior from a child, their actions may be more rebellious outside of the home. Research has shown that children with authoritative parents may struggle with low self-esteem, anger management, social skills and indecisiveness. This “my way or the highway” parenting type may work for a short time but have damaging effects in the long run.

Permissive Parenting Style

Leniency is the best description for this type of parenting. In contrast to being authoritarian, permissive parenting is less strict regarding rules and discipline. These parents give their children free range on their behaviors without many consequences. If consequences are given, they are not upheld as sternly. For example, if a child is begging or pleading, their privileges are returned to them. Permissive parenting can cause children to be irresponsible, impulsive and struggle academically, along with other disadvantages.

Montessori Parenting Style

This type of parenting emphasizes allowing children the freedom to learn and develop at their own pace. It also gives children the space to make their own decisions and find solutions to issues or problems they encounter. Montessori parenting’s biggest impact on kids is that it helps them develop their independence. Instead of immediately giving them the answers or helping them complete a task, Montessori parents take a step back, let their kids solve problems on their own and guide them in the right direction if necessary.

Attachment Parenting Style

Attachment parenting focuses on how parents form a physical and emotional connection with their children. The two main characteristics of this parenting style are a parent’s connection and responsiveness to their child’s needs. This form of parenting helps children develop more empathy, lower behavior problems and instill a sense of internal security.